Though the acceptance of the Antiochian supremacy was expedient for those opposing the reformation, not all members of the church were happy with it. This group sent a request to the Patriarch of Syria to ordain a Catholicos for Malankara. Patriarch Abdul Messiah of that time denied the request. Few years later the next Patriarch, Abdulla came to Kerala and wanted Vattasseril Geevarghese Mar Dionysius to sign a document declaring that the Patriarch had temporal powers over the Malankara Church. Mar Dionysius refused to sign this document and he was therefore excommunicated by the Patriarch. The church consequently split into two groups, one group supporting the Patriarch and called them the "Bava party" and the group of supporting Mar Dionysius called themselves the "Metran party". Following a request by Mar Dionysius in 1912 to Patriarch Mar Abdul Messiah to come to Kerala and enthrone a Catholicos in 1964 a Catholicos was ordained as Catholicos Augen I. In 1972 the "Bava party" with their own Catholicos and bishops separated themselves and formed the Malankara Orthodox Church. The Other group is known as the Malankara Syrian Church. or commonly called as Jacobite Church. Malankara Metropolitan had deposited about 3,000 Poovarahan (gold coin currency of Kerala at that time) on 8% interest, with the British government. This deposit money is known as Vattipaanam. As the Church got separated a raging court case ensued which prolonged over many years in bitterness to both groups. Christianity in India Today There are 25 million Christians in India which is just below 3% of the total population of the country. Kerala has the largest number of Christians among the states. However, in North India, the Church is represented only by small and scattered communities. Christians including Catholics, Orthodox and Protestants,form the third largest group in India.They are mainly: the Syrian Orthodox Christians divided at present into two groups (Bava Kakshi and Metran kakshi), the Anjoorians, the Anglicans (CMS), the Marthomites,the Mellusians or Nestorians, and the St. Thomas Evangelical Church of India. There are around 6 million non-Catholics in India, including Orthodox Christians and Protestants. The Catholic Church in India is Composed of three individual Churches : Latin,Malabar and Malankara: with their own independent hierarchies. Diversity of Christians is noticeable: Syrian Christians,Knanaya Christians, Goan Christians, Tamil Christians, Anglo-Indians, Naga Christians, etc. They differ in language, social customs and economic prosperity. Christians Occupy high positions: cabinet ministers, governors of states, high court judges, University vice-chancellors, top-ranking officers, etc. Christians also have been the main contributors to education in India. Their contribution in the social work is out of all proportion to their numbers. Kerala is the cradle of Christianity in India. There the Christians play a decisive role in the fields of education, social work and even in politics. In 1959 it moved Pundit Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India, to remark (on the occasion of the dismissal of the Communist Government of Kerala) that the Christians of Kerala are a power to be counted on. 22% of the population of Kerala is Christian. In the educational field, the work of the Christians of Kerala has been noteworthy and it is due to their efforts together with that of the government and of other religious and cultural groups that Kerala became the leading state in India for literacy. Government of India, in 1990, declared that the state of Kerala is 100% literate. This is recorded in the Guinness Book.